The Earth as seen from space. Besides the continents and the oceans, some clouds are also visible.
Cut out and make the globe. Find the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere and the Equator.
In the picture of the Earth from space, can you point out the ice packs of the South Pole?
The Earth is in the shape of a ball. There are two very cold areas covered in ice, which man calls the North Pole and the South Pole. The Northern Hemisphere is made up of regions which are closer to the North Pole than to the South Pole. The Southern Hemisphere is made up of regions which are closer to the South Pole than to the North Pole.
The region of the Earth which is the same distance from both poles is called the Equator.
The Earth is made up of oceans and continents.
Man gave names to the oceans and the continents.
America or the American continent is so big that it was divided into three regions: North America, Central America and South America.
On your globe, find the following oceans: the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean.
On your globe, find the following continents: Africa, America, Asia and Europe, Antarctica and Australia.
On your globe, find the place where you live.
The Arctic Ocean is so cold that the surface of the sea is frozen and you can walk across it.
But a submarine can pass below the layer of ice on the surface, because the sea does not freeze underneath.
It is in the polar regions that icebergs form and expand deep into the sea. People who live near the North Pole have no night during the summer, and no day during the winter.